Indicating and signalling Lessons Note

Why signal?

Other road users can’t know your intentions unless you show them. Indicating and signalling is needed in order to give sufficient warning to other road users about the intended action.

In what situations should you signal?

You must signal your intention to:

  • stop or slow down
  • turn or move left
  • turn or move right
  • make a U-turn

In practice, this means you must signal in every situation where you intend to change your road positioning, including:

  • when overtaking
  • when changing lanes
  • when turning
  • when pulling into/out of parking spots
  • when moving from a stationary position at the side of the road
  • when leaving a continuing road
These cars are signalling to turn right

When and for how long should you signal?

You must always signal for long enough to give sufficient warning to other road users. How long depends on the situation - e.g. at least 5 seconds when moving from a stationary position at the side of the road.

Indicate in a way that cannot be misleading, and turn off your indicator when you have completed the manoeuvre.

Also, check that your indicator turns off once you have turned - if still on, other drivers will think that you intend to turn again.

Use your indicators even when you think you are alone. It’s the vehicles you aren't aware of that can present the greatest danger.

Don't believe blindly in indicators

Don't automatically assume that this vehicle intends to turn left

Watch out for how other vehicles are acting (slowing down, turning etc.) and don’t believe blindly in indicators. Other drivers may use their indicators too early or forget to cancel them after turning.

Blind spots

The green areas can be seen by looking in the arview and side mirrors

Blind spots are areas that can only be seen by looking over your shoulder. A lot of crashes occur due to drivers failing to check their blind spots before changing their road positioning.

Make sure that you check your mirrors and relevant blind spots before changing your road positioning.

Hand signals

The driver is allowed to give hand signals for changing direction, stop

The two official hand signals are:

Straight arm - about to turn right Arm bent upward - about to slow or stop

Using your horn

You may only use your horn to warn other road users of your position or approach, e.g. when coming out of driveways with limited vision, or to get animals off the road.

Brake lights

Each time you push the brake pedal, your brake lights will glow red. This is a warning to other drivers that you are slowing down

Try to give plenty of warning to drivers behind you by braking early and then slowing gradually. Braking hard can be dangerous if the driver behind you doesn’t react in time, which is a common cause of rear-end crashes.

Also, be aware of brake lights on vehicles in front of you since this is an indication that you will have to slow down.

Making eye contact

Confirm that other road users and pedestrians are aware of your presence by making eye contact

Making eye contact is especially important at intersections.

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