Licence classes Lessons Note

Australia has a national licence classification system, which means the classes are uniform across Australia. Your licence shows the vehicles that you’re qualified to drive.

More skill and experience is needed to drive vehicles that are heavy, large or carry many passengers. They demand special requirements, e.g. competency-based assessments, driving tests, and minimum holding periods.

You're not allowed to drive vehicles of a higher class without first being approved to operate them.

Car (C) licence
  • Allowed to carry up to 12 adults including the driver
  • Allowed to drive vehicles with maximum 4.5t Gross Vehicle Mass (GVM)

These vehicles include cars, utes, vans, some light trucks, tractors, graders, car-based motor tricycles, and mopeds.

Light Rigid (LR) licence

  • Allowed to carry more than 12 adults
  • Allowed to drive vehicles with a GVM between 4.5-8t
  • Any towed trailer must have a GVM of no more than 9t.

Can also drive any vehicle allowed by a class C licence.

Medium Rigid (MR) licence

  • Allowed to drive vehicles with a GVM over 8t and up to 2 axles
  • Any towed trailer must have a GVM of no more than 9t.

Can also drive any vehicle allowed by a class LR licence.

Heavy Rigid (HR) licence

  • Allowed to drive vehicles with a GVM over 8t and 3 or more axles
  • Any towed trailer must have a GVM of no more than 9t.
  • Allowed to drive articulated buses

Can also drive any vehicle allowed by a class MR licence.

Heavy Combination (HC) licence

  • Allowed to drive a prime mover attached to a semi trailer over 9t GVM
  • Allowed to tow trailers over 9t GVM

Can also drive any vehicle allowed by a class HR licence.

Multi Combination (MC) licence

  • Allowed to drive road trains and B-doubles.

A class MC licence holder can drive any vehicle allowed by a class HC licence.

Rider (R) licence

Allowed to drive any motorcycle or motor tricycle

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