Licence types Lessons Note

Driving solo is dangerous

Inexperienced drivers are more likely to be involved in crashes. In fact, as soon as people start driving independently (P1/P2), they have the highest risk of crashing that they will ever have.

The Graduated Licensing Scheme is designed to provide a gradual learning experience that’s safe for you and other road users.

The licensing journey
  1. You must pass the Drivers Knowledge Test to get your learner's licence. The test is about safe driving practices and road rules.
  2. Once you have your learner's permit, you should try to get as much supervised driving experience as you can to prepare you for driving as a solo driver.
  3. Take the Hazard Perception Test (HPT). The test will test your ability to detect and respond to hazardous situations. If under 25, you must have held your learner's licence for at least 10 monts before taking the HPT.
  4. To sit the practical driving test, you must have passed the HPT. If under 25, you must also have completed a mandatory 120 logged hours of supervised driving (including 20 at night) and held your learner's licence fot at least 12 months.
  5. Sit and pass the driving test to get your provisional P1 licence.
  6. You may apply for a P2 licence once your have held your P1 licence for at least 12 months given a good driving record (no suspensions etc.)
  7. You may apply for a full licence once you have held your P2 licence for at least 24 months given a good driving record (no suspensions etc.)

Learner Licence

To get a learner licence, you must first pass the Driver Knowledge Test (DKT). Once you have your learner licence, try to get as much supervised experience in as many situations as you can to prepare you for the Drive Test and driving as a solo driver.

When can you sit the Hazard Perception Test (HPT)?

For drivers under 25, you must have held the learner licence for a minimum of 10 months before you can take the HPT. If over 25, there are no prerequisites other than having a learner licence.

When can you sit the Drive test?

To sit the Drive test, you must have passed the HPT.

If under 25, you must also present a log book containing your driving hours to sit the Drive Test. It must contain a minimum of 120 hours of supervised driving including at least 20 night hours. Drivers under 25 must also have held their learner licence for at least 12 months.

Restrictions for learner licence holders:

  • Your Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) must be zero.
  • Your demerit points limit is 4 (i.e. you will be suspended if you incur 4 or more demerit points)
  • Have visible ‘L’ plates on the front and rear of the vehicle
  • You mustn't drive over 90 km/h
  • A full licence holder must always sit in the front passenger seat
  • You may not drive in Centennial Park, Parramatta Park or Moore Park in Sydney
  • You aren't allowed to tow
  • You aren't allowed to use a mobile phone including hands-free
  • All passengers must wear a seatbelt/restraint
  • You may only drive a car (e.g. not allowed to drive a truck or bus)

Provisional P1 licence

Issued for 18 months when you pass the driving test. You must hold the provisional P1 licence for a minimum of 12 months before you can apply for the P2 (green Ps).

Restrictions for P1 licence holders

  • Your Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) must be zero.
  • Your demerit points limit is 4 (i.e. you will be suspended if you incur 4 or more demerit points)
  • Have clearly visible red ‘P’-plates on the front and rear of the vehicle
  • You aren't allowed to drive faster than 90 km/h
  • You aren't allowed to use a mobile phone including hands-free
  • All passengers must wear a seatbelt/restraint
  • You may only drive a car (e.g. not allowed to drive a truck or bus)
  • You may only tow light trailers up to 250 kg unloaded weight
  • You aren't allowed to supervise a learner
  • If your test was passed in automatic, then you can only drive automatic
  • Drivers under 25 are restricted to carrying only one passenger under 21 from 11 pm to 5 am
  • You mustn't drive a vehicle with:
    • 8 or more cylinders (diesels are exempt)
    • a turbocharged/supercharged engine (diesels are exempt)
    • performance-increasing modifications
    • any vehicle identified by RMS (check website)

By accumulating 4 or more demerit points or by speeding, your P1 licence will be suspended for a minimum of 3 months. The suspension period is not counted towards the minimum 12-month holding period.

Your licence can be cancelled for serious driving offences, which may also result in a future one-passenger restriction. If cancelled, the 12 month holding period will be reset.

Provisional P2 licence (green Ps)

Issued for 30 months when you pass the Hazard Perception Test. You must hold the provisional P2 licence for a minimum of 24 months before you can apply for a full licence.

During your P2 term, you may upgrade the class of your licence to a maximum of Heavy Rigid (subject to specific requirements).

Restrictions for P2 licence holders

  • Your Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) must be zero.
  • Have clearly visible green ‘P’-plates on the front and rear of the vehicle
  • You aren't allowed to drive faster than 100 km/h
  • You aren't allowed to use a mobile phone including hands-free
  • All passengers must wear a seatbelt/restraint
  • You aren't allowed to supervise a learner
  • You mustn't drive a vehicle with:
    • 8 or more cylinders (diesels are exempt)
    • a turbocharged/supercharged engine (diesels are exempt)
    • performance-increasing modifications
    • any vehicle identified by RMS (check website)

By accumulating 7 or more demerit points your P2 licence will be suspended for a minimum of 3 months. The suspension period is not counted towards the minimum 24-month holding period.

If you, as a P2 provisional driver, receive a suspension for unsafe driving behaviour - you will need to stay on your P2 licence for an additional 6 months for every suspension.

Your licence can be cancelled for serious driving offences. If cancelled, the 24 month holding period will be reset. Your licence can be cancelled for serious driving offences, which may also result in a future one-passenger restriction.

Full licence

You can apply for a full and unrestricted licence once you have held the P2 licence for at least 24 months.

The full licence will be suspended if you incur 13 or more demerit points in a 3 year period.

Carrying the correct licence

You must have a correct and current licence to drive, and the licence must always be worn when driving.

Driving without a licence, or letting an unlicensed driver drive your vehicle, may incur heavy penalties including fines.

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