Making turns Lessons Note

Always plan your turns. Position yourself in the correct lane for your turn well in advance, and use your indicators to warn other road users of your intention. Be careful and try to make eye contact with other road users and pedestrians.

Keep in mind that everyone makes mistakes, so never assume that other road users will give way just because they should or because they’re signalling. Wait for an additional indication that the other road user will give way e.g. signalling AND slowing down.

When turning, you must give way to pedestrians crossing the road that you’re entering.

To prepare for a turn:

  • Position yourself in the correct lane before reaching the turning point
  • Activate your indicators for long enough to let others know you're about to change lanes or direction
  • Slow down to a safe turning speed
  • Look to both sides and check the mirrors and blind spots before proceeding. Obey all signs, road markings and give way rules. Don't turn unless safe
  • Finish your turn in the correct lane. Obey signs and signals on the road you are about to enter

Signal for at least 5 seconds when you move from a stationary position at the side of the road or a median strip parking area.

Right turns

Marking a right turn

Obey signs on the road that you’re turning from, and apply the ‘Give Way’ rules if turning at an unmarked intersection.

When making the turn:

  • Approach as near as possible to the left centre of the road (parallel to the dividing line/centre of the road/median strip)
  • Try to pass as close as practical to the centre point of the intersection

Don’t cut across the lane to your right, as you risk colliding with vehicles coming from the right.

Don't get stuck in intersections

Don’t enter an intersection if you can’t drive through and into the road that you wish to enter. However, if making a right turn, you’re allowed to wait near the centre of the intersection (allowing oncoming traffic to pass).

Right turns on multi-lane roads

You can only turn right from the far right lane unless road markings allow you to turn right from more than one lane. If there are road markings, make the turn as indicated by the road markings.

  • If in a marked lane, stay in the same lane as you go from one road to another
  • If there is a continuous whi,te line separati,ng the lanes, you may not change lanes when approaching the intersection

Right turns on divided roads

Car B must give way to car A in both of these situations

Obey signs on the road that you are turning from. If there are no signs, you must give way to traffic when entering the divided road.

When making the turn:

  • Place your vehicle far into the central dividing part of the road to get away from the immediate traffic
  • Have patience and wait for a suitable gap in the traffic
  • Proceed only when safe

Right turns at traffic lights

The green car is about to turn right after giving way to oncoming traffic

Unless otherwise indicated by a sign or red right turn arrow:

  • Drive into the intersection as you are beginning your right turn
  • Keep your wheels straight and don’t block oncoming traffic
  • Wait for traffic to clear, or if you see a safe break in traffic, and then make a safe turn

You’re allowed to remain in the middle of an intersection even if the lights turn to yellow or red. Don’t panic, but you must make your right turn as soon as safe.

Left turns

Making a left turn

When turning left, you must:

  • Approach as close to the left side of the road as possible
  • Use a slip lane to turn if available (watch out for cyclists and pedestrians)

Left turns on multi-lane roads

At most intersections, you should turn left from the far left lane

You must enter an intersection on a multi-lane road in the far left lane unless:

  • there is a slip lane
  • road markings allow you to turn left from more than one lane
  • there is an obstruction in the left lane forcing you away

Make the turn as indicated by road markings and signs. If on a multi-lane road that allows you to turn left from more than one lane, stay in the same lane when turning onto the new road.

One-way streets

1. Turning from a one-way street. 2. Turning into a one-way street
  1. Turning from a one-way street should be done by keeping your vehicle close to the side of the road that you're turning into
  2. Turning into one-way street should be done by turning into the nearest lane


U-turn on a two-way road with one lane in each direction

You should only make a U-turn if it’s necessary. When you make a U-turn:

  • you must have a clear view of traffic
  • you must give way to all road users
  • you must complete the U-turn without disrupting other traffic
  • you must start your U-turn from as close as practicable to the centre of the road
U-turn on a multi-lane intersection with a median

Don’t make a U-turn if:

  • you have to turn across a single continuous line or double continuous lines (unless the line closest to you is broken)
  • there is a sign or road marking prohibiting a U-turn (e.g. a ‘no U-turn’ sign)
  • at traffic lights unless a “U-turn permitted” sign is displayed
  • on a motorway/freeway
  • on one-way roads

Three-point turns

Perform a 3-point turn using these steps

A turn used on roads that aren’t as wide as your car’s turning circle. A 3-point turn requires time and space, so make sure the road is clear and safe in both directions before you turn. Driving around the block is often a safer alternative than making a 3-point turn.

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