To safely share the road with other vehicles and road users, it’s essential that you understand how to adapt your driving to make the roads safe for everyone.
Cyclists have the same rights and responsibilities as other road users, but they are smaller and often tricky to spot. Obey road rules and apply common sense when encountering cyclists:
- Don't turn across their path. Bicycles can reach very high speeds, especially when travelling downhill. Unless you're certain you can safely make a turn in front of a cyclist, let the cyclist pass before turning
- You must give way to cyclists at intersections like any other road user, and also to cyclists riding across crossings
- Be careful when entering/leaving driveways as bicyclists are allowed on footpaths as well
- Cyclists may need a full-width lane to ride safely (e.g. in case of gravel or rough road edges), so be prepared to slow down and allow them to travel away from the kerb
- Leave a safe clearance when passing a cyclist. You must leave at least 1m clearance if the limit is 60 km/h or less and 1.5m if over 60 km/h
- Look and scan for cyclists at intersections. They are difficult to spot, and may be hidden from view by a vehicle.
- Always signal intentions so that cyclists have time to react
- Look in mirrors and check blind spots for cyclists
- Never sound your horn at cyclists as they might fall
- Look for cyclists before opening car doors
- Be aware that riders can be hidden from view by other vehicles
Cyclists are allowed to:
- Ride side-by-side in one lane (max. 1.5m apart)
- Ride in bus lanes, transit lanes and bicycle storage areas
- Ride across pedestrian crossings at traffic lights if there is a bicycle light
Cyclists may also overtake vehicles on the left (unless the vehicle is turning left and signalling a left turn).
Bicycle storage areas
Bicycle storage areas are used so drivers stopped at traffic lights can see cyclists. Drivers facing a red light at an intersection with a bicycle storage area must stop at the first line and not continue into the bicycle area until the light changes.
Don't allow any part of your vehicle to enter the area
Motorcyclists have the same rights and responsibilities as other road users, but they are more vulnerable and less stable. They are much more likely to die in a road crash compared to car occupants.
Always be on alert for motorcycles and take extra care when there are motorcycles on the road.
Motorcyclists are most at risk when changing lanes, riding in intersections and when riding through bends.
Be alert as motorcyclists and bicyclists can be hidden from view by a turning vehicle
How to safely share the road with motorcyclists:
- Keep a safe distance from motorcycles as they may need to avoid hazards (e.g. oil slicks or potholes in the road)
- Allow motorcycles extra room to stop
- Look for motorcycles before proceeding or turning at intersections
- Look out for motorcycles in slow traffic (30km/h or less) as they are allowed to lane filter (i.e. move between two lines of slow-moving traffic travelling in the same direction).
- Don’t drive in the same lane or alongside a motorcycle. They need a full-width lane for safety purposes
- When overtaking a motorcycle, allow them as much space as you would for a car
- Always check side and rear mirrors as well as blind spots before merging or changing lanes. A motorcycle might be hidden from view by another vehicle
Motorcyclists are allowed to ride side-by-side in one lane (max. 1.5m apart)
Keep on the lookout for ridden, driven or led horses. Horses are considered vehicles and can be ridden on the road. Horses can be challenging to control and easily scared. Treat any horse as a potential hazard.
Give a wi,de berth and display caution when passing a horse
Keep to the left of an oncoming tram unless there is a barrier on the road separating the tram from other traffic. Never obstruct the path of a tram.
Passing a tram:
- Overtake on the left if you want to pass a tram that is travelling in the centre or on the right side of the road.
- Overtake on the right if you want to pass a tram that is travelling on the left side of the road.
- Never overtake a tram on the same side as the tram is turning.