These are lanes set aside for special vehicles (e.g. trucks, buses and bicycles), and have signs or road markings indicating their purpose. Some special purpose lanes have hours of operation, meaning that all vehicles are allowed when the lane isn’t operating.
There are a few exemptions for driving in special purpose lanes. You’re allowed to travel up to 100m in a special purpose lane (50m in a bicycle and tram lanes) to:
Transit lanes can be used by vehicles carrying at least a certain amount of people. Buses, taxis, hire cars, motorcycles, bicycles and emergency vehicles can use transit lanes regardless of how many people that are in the vehicle.
You may drive in a:
Transit lanes operate during the hours indicated by the signs. Without the required passengers, you are only allowed to drive in a transit lane for 100m to enter or leave the road.
Bus lanes can be used by taxis, hire cars, RMS operated or directed vehicles, bicycles and motorcycles.
Buses, taxis and hire cars are the only vehicles allowed to stop in a bus lane:
Vehicles that are not normally allowed to use a bus lane may travel up to 100m in the bus lane to enter or leave the road.
A ‘buses only’ lane is indicated by a sign or lane markings. Only buses may drive in these lanes.
Bicycle lanes are for cyclists only, and cyclists must use them when available. However, you may drive in a bicycle lane for less than 50m to enter/leave the road at a driveway or intersection.
Be respectful and give way to cyclists in a bicycle lane, and only enter when safe to do so.
A slip lane is a lane for vehicles turning left that is separated from other parts of the road by a traffic island or painted island. It’s used to improve safety and traffic flow. When a slip lane is provided, you must use it.
Don’t stop in a slip lane unless there are signs that indicate parking.
Truck lanes are only for trucks over 4.5t GVM.
Tram lanes are for light rail vehicles only. You must never obstruct the path of a light rail vehicle, and must always give way to them when they are about to enter or already inside an intersection.
Can only be used by authorised buses and service vehicles.
A shared part of the road where vehicles travelling in either direction may enter or leave the road. When using a median turning lane, you must give way to all other vehicles.
These are used to help control specific lanes, e.g. by closing them or by applying a speed limit to that lane.
If an arrow above your lane is pointing towards another lane, you must follow the directions and change lanes in a safe manner.